The project led by Dr. Lumir Gvozdik (Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Czech Academy of Sciences) will examine the influence of realistic thermal regimes on individual thermal reaction norms, species interactions, and whole communities to understand the adaptive capacity of freshwater ectotherms to climate change, and the consequences for populations and communities. The project will be based on selected invertebrates and newts as model taxa and will combine laboratory and outdoor mesocosms with mathematical modelling.