The project led by Dr. Lumir Gvozdik (Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Czech Academy of Sciences) examines the influence of realistic thermal regimes on individual thermal reaction norms, species interactions, and whole communities to understand the adaptive capacity of freshwater ectotherms to climate change, and the consequences for populations and communities. The project uses selected invertebrates and newts as model taxa and combines laboratory and outdoor mesocosms with mathematical modelling.